Glossary of Hebrew, Yiddish, and 'Yeshivish' terms in Keri HaRishon
Aseres Y'mei Tshuvah - High holy days, the ten days from Rosh Hashana through Yom Kippur, a seasonal time of intense spiritual introspection.
ashamnu, bogadnu, gazalnu - We have been guilty, we have betrayed, we have stolen; the first three words of the traditional penitential prayer
baal-tshuva - a newly religious Jew/ returnee to the Orthodox Jewish faith.
bochurim - unmarried men; usually refers to Yeshiva students
chotas na'arim - sins of youth
Frierdiker Rebbe - the previous Lubavitcher Rebbe, Yosef Yitzchak Schneersohn.
frum yid - religious Jew
gemara - The second portion of the Talmud comprising elaborations and discussions of Jewish law; the quintessential Yeshiva curriculum
kapital Tehillim - a chapter of the Psalms
keri - seminal emission; usually refers to nocturnal emission
keri harishon - first nocturnal emission
kelipah (pl. kelipas, kelipot) - unclean spiritual forces (literally 'shells, husks')
krias sh'ma al hamita - prayers said before retiring to sleep (Hebrew)
ma'amar (pl. ma'amarim) - Chassidic discourse
middos - personal character traits
mikva - Jewish ritual bath
Mitzvah - Jewish commandment, good deed.
neggel vasser - the ritual washing of hands before getting out of bed, common in Chassidic circles
niddah - menstruation, and the laws of family purity
qvart - a two handled washing cup, for pouring water on each hand alternately when washing neggel vassar
schissel - the shallow pail used to receive the morning's washing water
shichvas zerah l'vatalah - spilling seed in vain
shiur - class (literally, 'a measured amount')
siddur - Jewish prayer book
Tanya - Likutei Amorim Tanya, the central text of Chabad Chassidus.
Tishrei - first month of the Jewish year, containing the busy Jewish observance of the High Holy Days and the Succos holiday.
tshuvah - repentance (literally, returning)
tumaah - impurity
vidui - confession
zal - Jewish study hall (literally, 'room')